Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar





1 Introduction

2 History of the Hebrew Language

3 Grammatical Treatment of the Hebrew language

4 Division and Arrangement of the Grammar

5 The Individual Sounds and Characters

6 Pronunciation and Division of Consonants

7 The Vowels in General

8 The Vowel Signs in particular

9 Character of the several Vowels

10 The Half Vowels and the Syllable Divider

11 Other Signs which affect the Reading

12 Dagesh in general, and Dagesh forte in particular

13 Dagesh lene

14 Mappiq and Raphe.

15 The Accents

16 Of Maqqeph and Metheg

17 Of the Qere and Kethibh

18 Peculiarities and Changes of Letters

19 Changes of Consonants

20 The Strengthening of Consonants

21 The Aspiration of the Tenues

22 Peculiarities of the Gutturals

23 The Feebleness of the Gutturals

24 Changes of the Weak Letters

25 Unchangeable Vowels

26 Syllable-formation

27 The Change of the Vowels

28 The Rise of New Vowels and Syllables

29 The Tone

30 Stems and Roots

31 Grammatical Structure

32 The Pronoun

33 Pronominal Suffixes

34 The Demonstrative Pronoun

35 The Article

36 The Relative Pronoun

37 The Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns

38 The Verb

39 Ground-form and Derived Stems

40 Tenses. Moods. Flexion

41 Variations from the Ordinary Form of the Strong Verb

42 The Strong Verb

43 The Pure Stem, Or Qal

44 Flexion of the Perfect of Qal

45 The Infinitive

46 The Imperative

47 The Imperfect and its Inflexion

48 Shortening and Lengthening of the Imperfect and Imperative

49 The Perfect and Imperfect with Waw Consecutive

50 The Participle

51 Derived Conjugations

52 Piel and Pual

53 Hiphil and Hophal

54 Hithpael

55 Less Common Conjugations

56 Quadriliterals

57 Strong Verb with Pronominal Suffixes

58 The Pronominal Suffixes of the Verb

59 The Perfect with Pronominal Suffixes

60 Imperfect with Pronominal Suffixes

61 Infinitive, Imperative and Participle with Pronominal Suffixes

62 Verbs with Gutturals

63 Verbs First Guttural

64 Verbs Middle Guttural

65 Verbs Third Guttural

66 The Weak Verb

67 Verbs Ayin-Ayin

68 Verbs Aleph-Pe

69 Verbs Yodh-Pe

70 Verbs Yodh, Seconf Class

71 Verbs Waw-Pe Third Class

72 Verbs Waw-Ayin

73 Verbs Middle

74 Verbs Aleph-Lamedh

75 Verbs He-Lamedh

76 Verbs Doubly Weak

77 Relation of the Weak Verbs to one another

78 Verbs Defectiva

79 The Noun

80 The Indication of Gender in Nouns

81 Derivation of Nouns

82 Primitive Nouns

83 Verbal Nouns in General

84a Nouns derived from the Simple Stem

84b Formation of Nouns from the Intensive Stem

85 Nouns with Preformatives and Afformatives

86 Denominative Nouns

87 Of the Plural

88 Of the Dual

89 The Genitive and the Construct State

90 Real and Supposed Remains of Early Case-endings

91 The Noun with Pronominal Suffixes

92 Vowel Changes in the Noun

93 Paradigms of Masculine Nouns

94 Formation of Feminine Nouns

95 Paradigms of Feminine Nouns

96 Nouns of Peculiar Formation

97 Numerals. (a) Cardinal Numbers.

98 Numerals. (b) Ordinal Numbers

99 The Particles

100 Adverbs

101 Prepositions

102 Prefixed Prepositions

103 Prepositions with Pronominal Suffixes and in the Plural Form

104 Conjunctions

105 Interjections

106 Syntax of the Verb

107 Use of the Imperfect

108 Use of the Cohortative

109 Use of the Jussive

110 The Imperative

111 The Imperfect with Waw Consecutive

112 The Perfect with Waw Consecutive

113 The Infinitive and Participle

114 The Infinitive Construct

115 Construction of the Infinitive Construct with Subject and Object

116 The Participles

117 The Government of the Verb

118 The Looser Subordination of the Accusative to the Verb

119 The Subordination of Nouns to the Verb by means of Prepositions

120 Verbal Ideas under the Government of a Verb

121 Construction of Passive Verbs

122 Indication of the Gender of the Noun

123 The Representation of Plural Ideas by Means of Collectives

124 The Various Uses of the Plural-form

125 Determination of Nouns in general. Determination of Proper Names

126 Determination by Means of the Article

127 The Noun determined by a following Determinate Genitive

128 The Indication of the Genitive Relation by means of the Construct State

129 Expression of the Genitive by Circumlocution

130 Wider Use of the Construct State

131 Apposition

132 Connexion of the Substantive with the Adjective

133 The Comparison of Adjectives

134 Syntax of the Numerals

135 The Personal Pronoun

136 The Demonstrative Pronoun

137 The Interrogative Pronoun

138 The Relative Pronoun

139 Expression of Pronominal Ideas by all means of Substantives

140 The Sentence in General

141 The Noun-clause

142 The Verbal-clause

143 The Compound Sentence

144 Peculiarities in the Representation of the Subject

145 Agreement between the Members of a Sentence

146 Construction of Compound Subjects

147 Incomplete Sentences

148 Exclamations

149 Sentences which express an Oath

150 Interrogative Sentences

151 Desiderative Sentences

152 Negative Sentences

153 Restrictive and Intensive Clauses

154 Sentences connected by Waw

155 Relative Clauses

156 Circumstantial Clauses

157 Object-Clauses

158 Causal Clauses

159 Conditional Sentences

160 Concessive Clauses

161 Comparative Clauses

162 Disjunctive Sentences

163 Adversative and Exceptive Clauses

164 Temporal Clauses

165 Final Clauses

166 Consecutive Clauses

167 Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon

Hebrew Word Index

Scripture Index

Subject Index

The Paradigms